Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Van was established in 860 BC and by the 6th century BC it was replaced by the Satrapy of Armenia. In the 1st century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great. Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion. In between the late 3rd century to early years of the 4th century, the state became "the first Christian nation." The official date of state adoption of Christianity was 301 AD. The ancient Armenian kingdom was split between the Byzantine and Sasanid empires around the early 5th century. Under the Bagratuni dynasty, the Armenian Kingdom was restored in the 9th century. Declining due to the wars against the Byzantines, the kingdom fell in 1045 and Armenia was soon after invaded by the Seljuk Turks. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.
Armenia was a merchant vessel launched at Calcutta in 1796. Captain Thomas Meek (or Meik), was her only captain. In 1799 the East India Company (EIC) took her up. She made one trip to Britain for the EIC. On that trip she left St Helena on 6 July in the company of the East IndiamenTellicherry, Triton, and Barwell, and under escort by the 18-gun Cornwallis.Armenia arrived in Britain on 27 September.
Capture and postscript
The French privateer Clarisse captured Armenia on 5 July 1800 and sent her into Mauritius.Clarisse was armed with 16 guns and had a crew of 180 men under the command of Captain La Meme. Armenia encountered Clarisse at 7°30′S79°30′E / 7.500°S 79.500°E / -7.500; 79.500, and after a five-hour chase she caught up with Armenia and combat ensued. Captain Meik resisted, but after about 40 minutes of exchanging fire he stuck. Armenia had lost her Third Officer killed and six men wounded, one of whom died later; Clarisse appeared to have had three men killed. Another report has Clarisse's casualties as seven killed and 20 wounded.
The name Armenia enters English via Latin, from Ancient Greek Ἀρμενία.
The Armenian endonym for the Armenian people and country is hayer and hayk’, respectively. The exact etymology of the name is unknown, and there are various speculative attempts to connect it to older toponyms or ethnonyms.
In Armenia, all you have to do is look up. Look up from the grounds of the ancient monastery of Khor Virap, its chapel walls blackened by candles, to Mount Ararat, the holy symbol of Armenia stuck across no-man’s land in Turkish territory ... Yet looming around us were reminders of Armenia’s impossible place in the world ... Could Armenia go the same way?.
Azerbaijan regained control of the surrounding territory in a six-week war with Armenia in 2020 ... The agreement left the region’s capital, Stepanakert, connected to Armenia only by the Lachin Corridor, along which Russian peacekeepers were supposed to ensure free movement.
Hayrapetyan, who represents the separatist government’s information centre in Armenia’s capital, Yerevan, said Stepanakert and other parts of Nagorno-Karabakh have lost most basic services since Baku’s offensive on Tuesday to recapture the enclave populated mainly by ethnic Armenians.
Supplies for Nagorno-Karabakh previously had come from Armenia, to the west ...Azerbaijan regained control of the surrounding territory in a six-week war with Armenia in 2020 ... The agreement left the region’s capital, Stepanakert, connected to Armenia only by the Lachin Corridor, along which Russian peacekeepers were supposed to ensure free movement.
Nagorno-Karabakh's 120,000 people have suffered severe shortages of food and medicine since late last year when a blockade began of the road connecting the region to Armenia... The agreement left the region’s capital, Stepanakert, connected to Armenia only by the Lachin Corridor, along which Russian peacekeepers were supposed to ensure free movement.
In December last year, Baku closed off the Lachin Corridor, the only road connecting Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia, causing a dire humanitarian crisis ... In Armenia’s capital, Yerevan, protesters this week have for days taken to the streets to demand the resignation of Prime MinisterNikol Pashinyan over his handling of the crisis.
The meeting coincided with the 32nd anniversary of Armenia’s declaration of state sovereignty after the dissolution of the Soviet Union... The leader of the Mother Armenia bloc, Andranik Tevanian, called for protests in the capital, Yerevan, while a group of opponents announced a hunger strike to force the prime minister’s resignation.
<p>CAPITAL REGION, N.Y. — Thursday marked the 32nd anniversary of Armenia's independence from the former ... Artsakh has historically been a part of Armenia, with its 120,000 inhabitants identifying as Armenian, though it is currently recognized as part of Azerbaijan.
Convoys of trucks from both Armenia and Azerbaijan carrying humanitarian goods were seen entering the region Friday ... Representatives from Armenia and Azerbaijan traded accusations ... Meanwhile, protesters took to the streets in the Armenia capital, Yerevan, for the third day Friday.
In response to the developments, thousands of protesters took to the streets of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, demanding the resignation of Prime MinisterNikol Pashinyan, holding him accountable for his handling of the crisis ... Armenia’s pivot towards the West also strained its relationship with Russia.
YEREVAN, Armenia -- Azerbaijan's forces rained artillery fire on Armenian positions in Nagorno-Karabakh on Tuesday, and local officials reported that scores of people -- both civilians and troops -- were killed and wounded in the fighting ...Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashiyan alleged that Azerbaijan's main goal is to draw Armenia into hostilities.